China is focusing on seven pioneering technologies in its war against the United States
China is focusing on seven pioneering technologies in its war against the United States

China is striving to research using so-called pioneering technologies such as quantum computers and semiconductors, as it competes with the United States for the latest innovations.

In its 14th five-year development plan, Beijing said it hoped to make self-reliance and self-improvement in science and technology the strategic pillar of national development.

To achieve major technological advances, China will increase its annual spending on research and development by more than 7% between 2021 and 2025.

China is working to improve its domestic experience in areas it considers of strategic importance, such as: b. Semiconductors.

China has developed seven pioneering technologies and will prioritize them over the next five years and beyond:

1) Artificial Intelligence:

China plans to focus on developing chips for AI applications and developing so-called open source algorithms. You will also focus on machine learning in areas such as decision-making.

In recent years, artificial intelligence has been an important area for Chinese companies and the central government, while large companies such as Alibaba and Baidu are investing in technology.

China and the United States are vying for AI dominance, a group of experts led by former Google CEO Eric Schmidt said that China will soon replace the United States of America as the global AI superpower.

2) Quantitative information:

These technologies include quantum computing, which is a completely different concept from the computers used today. It is expected to help achieve revolutionary breakthroughs in many areas, such as the innovation of new medicine.

Quantum computing is seen as another area of ​​competition between the United States and China.

3) Semiconductors:

Semiconductors are an important area for China, which has invested a lot of money in recent years, but China is trying to catch up with the United States, Taiwan and South Korea.

The problem is the complexity of the semiconductor supply chain. Taiwan's TSMC and South Korea's Samsung are the two most advanced chip makers, but they both rely on gadgets from the United States and Europe.

Since China does not have a company that can design and manufacture the tools that chip makers need, it relies on companies from other countries. China hopes to change this situation.

China announced that it will focus its five-year plan on the research and development of integrated circuit design tools, major equipment and key materials.

Chips are very important as they are found in many of the devices we use, such as smartphones, but they are also important for other industries.

4) Brain research:

China plans to study how to prevent diseases in the brain and other areas, but it has also announced plans to study computing technologies inspired by the brain and fusion technologies between the brain and the computer.

5) Genomics and Biotechnology:

With the outbreak of the Coronavirus last year, the importance of biotechnology has increased. China said it will focus on innovative vaccines and biosecurity research.

6) Clinical medicine and health:

The aim of the research in China is to understand the development of cancer, cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic diseases.

The government also said it is studying some advanced treatment techniques, such as regenerative medicine, which includes drugs that can regenerate or repair damaged cells, tissues and organs.

China said it is studying key technologies to prevent and treat dangerous infectious diseases.

7) The wide area, depth of the earth and the perimeter:

Space exploration has always been China's top priority. Beijing announced that it will commit to studying the origin and evolution of the universe, Mars and the ocean, and exploring the pole.

In December, a Chinese spaceship returned to Earth with Moonstones. This is the first time China has launched a spacecraft from a foreign object, and it is also the first time that it has collected samples from the moon.

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